I love my morning orange juice. It is tasty. It is refreshing. I believe it is healthy.
American society is embracing juices by “juicing” nearly everything as evidenced by the rainbow colors of juices we see in grocery stores, food stands and specialty cafe’s. But there is a trend for consumers to drink commercial non-pasteurized juices and that carries an increasing risk of food borne illness.
What’s in Your Juice?
One of the largest hepatitis A outbreaks in the USA in 2016 was linked to strawberries used in smoothie products. The epidemic sickened 143 people in 9 states. The source was frozen fruit imported from Egypt and was found in multiple samples of strawberries.
Unpasteurized apple juice from “rotten apples” was the source of an E. Coli epidemic in 1996 that killed a 16 month old child and sickened 66 people, some of whom suffered from kidney and blood disorder diseases as a result. Odwalla Juice company had chosen not to pasteurize “claiming that the process of pasteurization alters the flavor and destroys at least 30% of nutrients and enzymes in fruit juice.”
Pasteurization is the process of heating the product to a high temperature for a short time. The goal of pasteurization is to kill bacteria and viruses that may be in the product. As it relates to juices, products naturally are likely to have germs from either the environment or from the harvesting process. Unless they are thoroughly washed and pasteurized there is a risk that the product and or/juice may become the host for the germ and the disease. Fortunately most juices in the United States are pasteurized to kill harmful germs.
Since November 1999, the US FDA requires that all unpasteurized juice display a warning label. The label has a warning:
“THIS PRODUCT HAS NOT BEEN PASTEURIZED AND THEREFORE MAY CONTAIN HARMFUL BACTERIA THAT CAN CAUSE SERIOUS ILLNESS IN CHILDREN, THE ELDERLY AND PERSONS WITH WEAKENED IMMUNE SYSTEMS.”
Juice that is packaged by a processor, a food establishment such as a grocery store or health food store must be treated, under the FDA plan, or be stored under refrigeration and have the above warning label. For further information on Juice regulations.
Be Careful With Fresh Squeezed
Unfortunately fresh squeezed juice, served at a restaurant, juice bar, grocery or health food store, cider mill or farmers market etc. is not required to be treated, be processed under the FDA regulation plan, or have a warning label. This puts the vendor and the customer at risk of food borne illness. Strict use of thorough handwashing, cleaning the outside of the fruit with a specially formulated fruit cleanser, avoiding cross contamination on cutting boards and utensils and aggressive pre-service refrigeration certainly will reduce that risk.
Children, the elderly and people with weakened immune systems are advised by some governmental agencies not to consume or be served unpasteurized products. Herein lies another opportunity for the vendor and/or server to caution the customer on the risk of the unpasteurized product to shift responsibility of choice.
I still plan to enjoy my morning OJ but do so with a cautious eye.